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Pages and Files
Aims and Objectives
Economic Performance Visualizations
Venezuela under Chavez
Elections in Nondemocratic Regimes
The Economic Performance of Dictatorships
Dictatorship and Culture
Dictatorship and Disaster
Dictatorship and Knowledge
The Selectorate Theory
Economic Explanations of Regime Change
Sanctions and Democratization
Violence and Revolution
The Spread of Revolution
Protest and Informational Cascades
The Revolutions of 1989
Student Projects from previous years
The Nazi regime under Hitler
Chile under Pinochet
Non-democracy in film and literature
The idea behind this scale is that it is continous, meaning that regime types cannot just be categorical and can fall on a sliding scale. So if it's not quite a full on dictatorship, yet not quite an authoritarian regime, it is possible for it to fall inbetween. We've also allocated more points to insitutions that we felt were more indicative or more important for determining regime types.
Free and Fair elections (15 pts.)
Defined as: No repression among opposition and voters. Freedom to vote for any party without fear of prosecution and equal opportunity exists for different parties. Results not doctored, or ignored. (Wikipedia)
Elections Free and Fair (
I.e. Multiple parties can participate and win.
Elections exist, but not free and fair. (
I.e. Multiple parties can participate, but only the incumbent wins.
No elections (
I.e. No elections held.
Media freedoms (10 pts.)
Defined as: the freedom of communication and expression through vehicles including various electronic media and published materials. (Wikipedia)
Media free (
I.e. Not controlled by government or monopolized.
Media partially free (
I.e. A limited amount of media express dissent or polarized views.
Media not free (
I.e. Used as a tool of propaganda.
Civil Rights (15 pts.)
Defined as: rights that protect an individuals freedom to participate in civil and political life without infringement, repression or discrimination. (Wikipedia)
I.e. Rights officially recognized and defended. If civil rights are breached, any individual may challenge this breach legally.
In place but not in practice (
I.e. Rights officially recognized but not defended. If civil rights are breached, nothing is done.
Not in place, often ignored (
I.e. Citizens rights are not recognized.
Separation of powers (10 pts.)
Defined as: the state is divided into branches, with separate and independent powers and areas of responsibility so that no one branch has more power than the other branches. (Wikipedia)
Powers are separated (
I.e. No one branch of branch of the government (executive, legislative, judicary) exercises more power than another.
Powers separated in theory, but not practise. (
I.e. Theoretically each branch has independent powers, however is under the control of another branch in reality. For example, the executive branch may be independent of the legislature, but in reality control it through corrupt elections, bribery or fear.
Powers not separated. (
I.e. All power is vested in one body of the government, without anything to keep it in check.
Existence of opposition parties (13 pts.)
Opposition parties exist (
I.e. Many political parties exist with more than one point of view, are viable and represent a plurality of opinions.
Opposition parties exist but are powerless (
I.e. Opposition parties exist, but pose no real challenge to the existing government.
No opposition exists (
I.e. No opposition exists to challenge the incumbent.
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